Stephen Crane (1871—1900) — a classic of American literature, one of the writers who at the end of the 19th century determined the ways of its further development. Having lived only 28 years he left brilliant and original creative heritage. “The Red Badge of Courage” (1895) is one of the best works of world literature about war. Crane managed to psychologically convincingly convey the complex gamut of the feelings of the novel’s main hero, recruit Henry Fleming, who faced with the severe reality of war. The book carries the reader away and leads him to the view that the war is a phenomenon incompatible with the life of the civilized world.